What Causes Gum Disease
Gum disease is a serious chronic condition that is characterized by red and swollen gums, a receding gum line, loose teeth, and chronic bad breath. Without proper treatment, the disease can lead to lost gum tissue, severely decayed teeth, and destroyed bone. Early diagnosis and treatment can make a big difference in your prognosis and can prevent the damage associated with advanced periodontitis.
Healthy gum tissue fits tightly around each tooth. When it becomes irritated and inflamed by the bacteria in oral plaque, the gum tissue begins to pull back from the teeth, which leaves the root of the teeth exposed. Plaque, tartar, and bacteria begin to grow in these spaces, which are called periodontal pockets. As the plaque deposits grow, they force the pockets to become bigger and deeper which pushes the gums even further away from the teeth. Over time, this can cause serious and permanent damage.
Your risk of gum disease might be higher if you smoke, are experiencing hormonal changes, have a systemic illness, or have a family history of the disease. Age can also increase your risk. The best way to avoid gum disease is to maintain healthy dental habits. Eat a balanced diet, brush and floss regularly and thoroughly, and visit us regularly for cleanings and checkups. If you notice any symptoms of periodontal disease, let us know right away. The right periodontal treatments can restore gum health and prevent the disease from worsening. Call us today to find out more or to schedule an appointment with our team.
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